Manila Rose
Tokyo Rose / An American Patriot cover
Pre-WW2 America
Case Documents
Toguri Interview
Manila Rose
Author's Bio
How to Contact
What's New
Manila Rose scripts
Manila Rose Kindle
Manila Rose
Tokyo Rose /
An American Patriot:
A Dual Biography
During the final years of World War II, as U.S. military forces "island hopped" westward across the Pacific in their quest for victory over Japan, a sexy announcer began broadcasting propaganda via shortwave radio from the Philippines. GIs nicknamed her "Manila Rose" after the far more famous broadcaster Tokyo Rose. Confusion about Tokyo Rose is common among veterans and the general public, and Manila Rose remains a complete enigma.

Although four books have examined extensively the case of Tokyo Rose (several others have included partial treatments), the information the books provided about Manila Rose was either misguided or false. I regret my own book, the
2010 hardback TR/AP, which is the most recent of the four, was no better. The reason for our failure is that the authors used the wrong name in requesting access to FBI files, which have only recently been released to the National Archives.

Only one first-hand report on Manila Rose has ever been published. A June 29, 1945 article in the U.S. Army's Yank magazine titled "Manila Myrtle" contained an interview with her. The article failed to record her last name and contained a number of factual errors. By far the most misleading aspect of the article was its conclusion. When Yank's reporter returned for photos the day after his interview, "Myrtle was gone. Just gone, period. [Her mother and sister had] been out the evening before. When they came home--no Myrtle." The End. This led to decades of speculation about her mysterious disappearance. Rumors of an early death vied with rumors of marriage to a well-connected American colonel who protected her from investigation by spreading false rumors of her early death.

I can now solve the mystery of what happened to Manila Rose. For the first time the American public can learn her complete history: date of birth, parents, schooling, life as a broadcaster in the Japanese-controlled Philippines, postwar life, date and place of death, and, not least, her full name. In addition, the
2014 revised TR/AP as well as a historical monograph on Kindle (see green Announcement at top of page) will cover:
1) The contrast between Tokyo Rose and Manila Rose. Tokyo Rose, like the sirens of ancient times was entirely mythological. Persuasive evidence she did not exist will be provided even though the U.S. prosecuted a woman for her crimes. Manila Rose was a real person making actual broadcasts.
2) The radio programs of Manila Rose are the only provable instances of the sort of material American servicemen attributed to Tokyo Rose. The
2014 TR/AP includes excerpts of Manila Rose's scripts, which clearly were intended to induce war-weariness and homesickness among American troops.
3) Whereas the woman convicted of being Tokyo Rose lived a Spartan life and put herself in jeopardy smuggling medicine and supplies to Allied POWs, Manila Rose lived comfortably as a collaborator and the mistress of a series of important Japanese officials.
4) Although the Department of Justice knew of her activities, having spent a year investigating her, they failed to prosecute her even though she was an American citizen. DoJ apparently did not want to muddy the waters of its Tokyo Rose prosecution.
5) In a stunning turn of events, never before revealed, Manila Rose emigrated to the United States in 1948 without problem and was living blocks from the courthouse in San Francisco during the three month trial of Tokyo Rose in the same city in 1949. The defense never knew this, and she never came forward.
6) Even if defense attorneys had known, they might not have called her to testify. The reason lies in the difference between the common law rules that governed trials in 1949 versus those for a modern trial. These crucial differences are explicated in
7) The strikingly different post-war lives of Manila Rose and the woman convicted of being Tokyo Rose are detailed, as well as the injustice of the U.S. government's contradictory treatment of the two women.

I believe the story of Manila Rose will captivate readers but especially those interested in the history of World War II, women's issues, minority issues, and American justice. Tremendous confusion and misinformation cloud the stories of Tokyo Rose and Manila Rose. The
2014 TR/AP helps clarify both.
ANNOUNCEMENT: I have recently published on Kindle a historical monograph
detailing for the first time the complete history of Manila Rose from birth to death.
This monograph contains even more information than the new
2014 TR/AP. For a preview, click the button:
The newly discovered story of Manila Rose is crucially important if we are to fully understand the certainty with which GIs testifed after the war as to Tokyo Rose's propaganda broadcasts. They really did hear nostalgic or soft propaganda intended to induce home sickness and war weariness during 1944. Tokyo Rose by this time was infamous throughout the Pacific theater, so many attributed these broadcasts to her, claiming Tokyo Rose had broadcast such material throughout the war. But now, we know these recollections of earlier broadcasts were false memories whereas their recollections of 1944 broadcasts were real memories. Confusing? Let me explain.
To read Manila Rose scripts, click the button below: